Heart disease is now the world's leading causes of death, claiming 17.3 million lives each year. Latest statistics in India suggest that, there are roughly 30 million heart patients. Of the 30 million heart patients in India, 14 million reside in urban areas and 16 million in rural areas. The word HRIDAYA is made up of HRI- DA- YA. HRI means Aharan, physiologically it means Venous Return or Preload, DA means Danarthaka or the Stroke Volume i.e. Afterload and YA means Gatyarthaka i.e. Rhythmic Contractility of Myocardium or heart rate. Heart is a aerobic organ and seat for oja, indriya, sadhak pitta, atma, pranvayu, avalambak kapha, mana and vyanvayu. It is mulasthan for pranvaha and rasavahasrotas and due to rasa vikshepana karma it gets associated with udakvaha, raktavaha and all the srotas of the body. Today's day to day life full of Atyadhik lavana sevana, Amla katu aahar, Atyadhik Manshashan, Avyayama, Bhay, Shok, Chinta, Krodha which leads to heterogeneous disease called as hypertension. The various mode of Samprptis being involved are discussed below.