According to modern concept aging is a physical, physiological, psychological phenomenon which is result because of inherent evolutionary changes occurring in the mind and body system. Hypertension, Ischemic Heart Disease, Diabetes, Senile Dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinsonism, Degenerative Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Opportunistic Infections, Prostatic enlargement, degenerative eye diseases like Cataract which causes major morbidity in old age. In old age most commonly Psychological disorders are observed like senile dementia, Alzheimer disease, depression. Ayurveda describe aging is Swabhava of human body i.e. ''Shirayate Tata Shariram''. Ayurveda Samhita described that after sixty age function of brain decrease so psychological disorders are occur in this age. Aim of this subject is to enlighten the basic concept of mental disorder both in Ayurveda and Modern books and discussion on different views. In recent era we see technology increases in health science but life span of people decreases from 100 years to 60- 70 years. Ayurveda is science of life and longevity. Ayurveda give basic knowledge about age related problems. Conclusion made by comparing between Ayurveda and modern concepts of Psychological disorders.
Demographically India is the second largest country in the world with the largest number of aged persons (60+ years). Psychological disorders are big problem in old age, so for confirm diagnosis and treatment we need to enhance our knowledge.