Objective: The objective of this study is to see in detail the physiological and hormonal changes during the premenstrual phase and the effects of yoga practice in Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) so that, the percentage of females suffering from it, benefits of yoga. This is important for two reasons, firstly because the symptom of premenstrual tension is responsible for socioeconomic loss and secondly because associated legal and women’s rights issues that have arisen in conjunction with personal accountability during the PMS.1
Method: A critical review was done from various evidence-based research papers and the subject matter from the classical texts.
Conclusion: Yoga exercise reduces harmful inflammatory secretions which make women with premenstrual syndrome comfortable. Studies in India have shown positive impacts of yoga exercise on women with PMS on decreasing heartbeats, blood pressure, and anxiety.
2. Lasater J. The heart of Pantajali. Yoga J. 1997;137:134–44.
3. Desikachar K, Bragdon L, Bossart C. The yoga of healing: Exploring yoga's holistic model for health and well-being. Int J Yoga Ther. 2005;15:17–39.
4. Maehle G. Analoo City, Western Australia: Kaivalya Publications; 2006. Ashtanga Yoga: Practice and Philosophy.
5. Sarita Kanojia, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Asha Gandhi, Raj Kapoor, Ajay Kukreja, Senthil Kumar Subramanian, Effect Of Yoga On Autonomic Functions And Psychological Status During Both Phases Of Menstrual Cycle In Young Healthy Females, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online]2013 Oct[cited:2016 Sep 8] 10 2133 – 2139
6. Ross A, Thomas S, The health benefits of yoga and exercise: a review of comparison studies J Altern Complement Med 2010 Jan 16(1):3-12.3
7. Poses contraindicated for menstruation. Yoga Journal. Online document at: http://www.yogajournal.com/category/ poses/contraindications-modifications/menstruation-contra indications-modifications/. Accessed November 7, 2016.
8. Jois SKP. Yoga Mala: The Seminal Treatise and Guide from the Living Master of Ashtanga Yoga. London: Macmillan, 2010.
9. Sweeney M. Astanga Yoga As It Is: Primary, Intermediate, Advanced A & B Asana and Vinyasa. Yoga Temple, 2005.
10. Matsumoto T, Ushiroyama T, Kimura T, Hayashi T, Moritani T, Altered autonomic nervous system activity as a potential etiological factor of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder Biopsychosoc Med 2007 1:24
11. Backstrom, Torbjorn, et al. "Mood, sexuality, hormones, and the menstrual cycle. II. Hormone levels and their relationship to the premenstrual syndrome." Psychosomatic medicine 45.6 (1983): 503-507
12. Sterling P. Principles of Allostasis: Optimal Design, Predictive Regulation, Pathophysiology, and Rational therapeutics. In: Schulkin J, ed. Allostasis, Homeostasis, and the Costs of Physiological Adaptation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2004)
13. Brotto LA, Krychman M, Jacobson P. Eastern approaches for enhancing women’s sexuality: mindfulness, acupuncture, and yoga (CME). J Sex Med. 2008;5(12):2741-2748. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.01071.x
14. Chen KM, Tseng WS, Ting LF, Huang GF. Development and evaluation of a yoga exercise programme for older adults. J Adv Nurs. 2007;57(4):432-441.).
15. Michalsen A, Grossman P, Acil A, et al. Rapid stress reduction and anxiolysis among distressed women as a consequence of a three-month intensive yoga program. Med Sci Monit. 2005;11(12):CR555-561.)
16. Dvivedi J, Dvivedi S, Mahajan KK, Mittal S, Singhal A, Effect of ‘61-points relaxation technique’ on stress parameters in premenstrual syndrome Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2008 Jan 52(1):69-76.
17. Vempati RP, Telles S, Yoga-based guided relaxation reduces sympathetic activity judged from baseline levels Psychol Rep 2002 Apr 90(2):487-94.],
18. Udupa K, Madanmohan Bhavanani AB, Vijayalakshmi P, Krishnamurthy N, Effect of pranayam training on cardiac function in normal young volunteers Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2003 Jan 47(1):27-33.],
19. Parshad O, Richards A, Asnani M, Impact of yoga on haemodynamic function in healthy medical students West Indian Med J 2011 Mar 60(2):148-52.],
20. Malathi A, Damodaran A, Stress due to exams in medical students--role of yoga Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 1999 Apr 43(2):218-24.,10],
21. Rocha KK, Ribeiro AM, Rocha KC, Sousa MB, Albuquerque FS, Ribeiro S, Improvement in physiological and psychological parameters after 6 months of yoga practice Conscious Cogn 2012 Jun 21(2):843-50.10].
22. Vd Vijay Patrikar, Swasthavritta Vigyan , Part 2, Sept 2006, Pg No 107
23. Zaafrane F, Faleh R, Melki W, Sakouhi M, Gaha L. [An overview of premenstrual syndrome] J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) 2007 Nov;36(7):642–52. [PubMed]