Autism is a complex development disability appearing in infancy or early childhood which has been increased in its prevalence and incidence since the last two decades. Western medicine and research have seemingly stalled in respect to the management of autism however early intervention and behavioral therapies have shown improvement to some extent. Ayurveda understands the nature of human brain in a completely different manner from modern day's psychiatric and physiological theories. Autism has close similarity to the features that of Unmada (insanity) described in Ayurveda. The condition may be due to the result of Khavaigunya (disarrangements) of Srotas (channels) which nurtures Manas (mind) as consequences of many Agantuja (epigenetic toxic insults & postnatal environmental factor) and Sahaja (genetic) factors. Among the various type of treatment modalities, Yuktivyapashraya Chikitsa (Rational therapy) plays a vital role in managing the symptoms of Autism in children. However, the preventive measures are more appreciated than the treatment protocols.
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