Metabolic syndrome, refers to a group of conditions common in people with insulin resistance, including higher than normal blood glucose levels, increased waist size due to excess abdominal fat (Obesity), high blood pressure and abnormal levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.  People with metabolic syndrome have an increased risk of developing type 2diabetes and CVD. More than 10 million cases of metabolic syndrome occurs per year in India. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increases with age and about 40% of people above 60 years are affected with metabolic syndrome.  Diabetes occurs as chronic sequel of metabolic syndrome.  In the whole world, nearly about 24% of the population is suffering from diabetes. As per WHO, its percentage may go as high as 40-45% in 2020. So, there is intense need to know the graveness of the disease and to understand the possible ways of prevention.