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Ayurveda, Western Ghats, Endangered medicinal Plants

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Dr Agatrao Shivaji Aoughade, Dr. Dattatray S.Katkar, & Dr.Deshmukh Supriya3. (2023). ENDANGERED MEDICINAL PLANTS OF WESTREN GHAT – NEGLECTED NATIONAL TREASURE. Ayurlog: National Journal of Research in Ayurved Science, 11(01). Retrieved from https://ayurlog.com/index.php/ayurlog/article/view/1094


     Ayurveda is one of the most refined and respected forms of alternative medicine originated thousands of years ago in India. Ayurveda highly depends on medicinal plants as a source of drug. However the 21st century has seen practice explode in to a lucrative global business unfortunately the modern market has had its share of negative effects on Ayurveda Endangering the environment and threatening livelihoods. Around 70% of India medicinal plants are found in tropical forest these are spread across the Western Ghat and Eastern Ghat as well as in the north east of India. Around 95% of the medicinal plants used by the Indian industry today are collected from the wild.

              Western Ghats spread over an area of 20,000 Sq km and it is notable for its rich biodiversity. About 700 Species of medicinal herbs are found here and are used in indigenous system of medicine such as Ayurveda. Plants like lemon grass, Poutcholi, and the Vetivera Spp have originated from this area only.

             Unfortunately about 586 Species from the Western Ghat region are endangered and are featured in Red data book. Among them 20-30 Species of important medicinal plants, which are used extensively in Ayurveda, are at the verge of extinct. These include Saraca indica, Crateva, Embilia ribes, Holarrhena pubescens etc. So in this paper tried to through a lime light on some of the Endangered Species of medicinal Plants with special reference to Ayurvedic medicinal importance and necessity of conserving them to protect the neglected National Treasure.

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