Ayurveda is one of the most ancient medical sciences of the world. The main aim of Ayurveda is to maintain the health of healthy persons and to eradicate the disease of patients. Ayurveda gives ample emphasis on the preventive aspects and helps in the promotion and prolongation of a healthy and happy life. Ayurveda is the word made from two; ‘Ayu’ is the first word that indicates life and the second word is ‘Veda’ means the science of life. Ayu and its science is eternal. The knower becomes more eternal after knowing Ayurveda. Chikitsa (treatment) is the outcome of efforts and proper employment of Chatushpada1 (four pillars of treatment). Ayurveda believes that the success of any treatment totally depends upon Chatushpada of Chikitsa. Chatushpada is Bhishag(physician), the Upastha (Medical Attendant), Rogi(patient), and Dravya (medicine). These four factors are mutually dependent on each other. These four pillars are considered mandatory to provide relief to the patient. Absence of any one of these, the treatment would not be possible. Each of the four factors possesses four qualities essential for a treatment to be successful. When all these four factors are favorable, then the treatment will be successful. Therefore, this review article attempts to explain the importance of bhishaga through his gunain detail as mentioned inAshtangsangraha and Ashtanghridaya.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.