Globally and nationally the Diabetes mellitus with its complications become the most important contemporary and challenging health problem. It should be treated with diet and exercise, typically in conjunction with oral hypoglycemic drugs (OHD) and the complications are so critical and hazardous, and oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin which is used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus by the allopathic system of medicine have numerous side effects. In spite of available treatment number of patients is on rise. It is convincing that the herbal or mineral remedies stated in ayurveda used singly or in combination have potency in the treatment of madhumeha. However, our country is indeed rich in its vast variety of flora, throught variegated physical feature of the land, extending from mountains to the oceans. The practitioners of Indian system of medicine have been using the plant materials and are claiming success in treatment of madhumeha even today. Therefore, taking a lead it will be worthwhile to reappraise the commonly used plant remedies in the treatment of madhumeha, with an unbiased scientific spirit. In Ayurveda kaidarya is mentioned as parvata nimba. Nimba is the best drug used in Prameha. Edible variety of Nimba i.e curry leaves can be useful. Kaidarya is having katu, tikta, and kashaya rasa and sheeta veerya. It pacifies vitiated kapha and pitta. Kaidarya has been used traditionally since few years for treatment of prameha. Placebo control may not be ethical in the disease hence single arm study along with modern medicine is preffered.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, kaidarya, Oral Hypoglycemic agents
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