Main Article Content
Atrophic rhinitis is a chronic nasal disease characterized by progressive atrophy of nasal mucosa and underlying bone of turbinates and the presence of a viscid secretion which emits a characteristic foul odour sometimes called ozaena (a stench). There is an abnormal patency of the nasal passages. The incidence varies from 0.3-7.8% of otolaryngology outpatients. A similar nomenclature to ozaena is found in ayurvedic literature as Apeenas, classified under nasarogas. The disease is characterised by nasal obstruction due to crusts, roomy nasal cavity & foul smell emanating from nasal cavity of the patient. Atrophic rhinitis is classified into 2 typesâ€™ viz., primary and secondary. The cause of primary atrophic rhinitis is unknown. Several hypotheses have been proposed, including nutritional deficiencies, heredity, endocrine factors, and bacterial infection with Klebsiella ozaenae and Bacillus foetidus. Histopathologically, primary atrophic rhinitis is characterized by squamous metaplasia. This study was carried out in shalakya tantra department, dhanwantri hospital of A.D.A.M. College.patient presented with the complaints of foul smell, difficulty breathing from nose etc. Detailed history and complete ENT examination was done.