Rakta/ Blood and Rakta dushti/ Blood disorders have more importance since ancient time. As rakta/ blood is the main component of human body, the normal and anomalous condition has great impact on the health of an individual. Rakta dushti lakshanas mentioned in ayurvedic texts are difficult to assess in modern times. Hence,the study was conducted to understand if there is any correlation between rakta dushta lakshanas and modern pathological parameters. 100 participants were selected for the study. The mean age of the sample was 46.18 ± 14.83. High bleeding and clotting time were observed in pitta dushta rakta (153.18 ± 31.24; 355.45 ± 12.12), while low bleeding and clotting time was seen in kapha dushta rakta (131.94 ± 25.35; 221.84 ± 39.90). No statistical difference in bleeding time was observed between males and females (p<0.80), while high statistical difference in clotting time (p<0.02) was observed between males and females.
The study suggests that there is a correlation between rakya dushti lakshanas and bleeding and clotting time. These tests can be used for primary evaluation of rakta dushti by doshas. The confirmation of dushti will be based more on clinical symptoms of the patients. A large group study is needed to confirm the observations from this study.
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